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b) a power-fight in business
turf war = die Gebietsstreitigkeit; der Revierkampf; Streit über Gebietsansprüche
turf = der Rasen; Rasenstück; Torfscholle; Pferderennbahn
to turf someone out (Brit.) = jmdn. hinauswerfen
artificial turf = der Kunstrasen
"Advertising in US schools is reaching epidemic proportions. Some 150 school districts have exclusive drinks contracts in what is rapidly turning into a TURF WAR between Pepsi and Coca-Cola, neither of them noted for the nutritional or health values of their products."
(The Independent 6th September 1999)
In July 2003, Britain's "most celebrated graffiti artist" Banksy, famed for leaving such subversive images as riot police with smiley faces and the Mona Lisa firing a rocket launcher on walls and bridges throughout London, launched an exhibition called 'TURF WAR' featuring a variety of live animals.
Among the offerings? Pigs painted in police-uniform colours, and a cow covered with images of Andy Warhol's face.
(The exhibition, held in a London warehouse, drew animal rights protesters, among them a woman who chained herself to railings surrounding the cow. The famously modest Banksy slipped out of the warehouse before the launch party and denied, through a spokeswoman, that the exhibition marked his entrance into mainstream culture.)
Did you know?
There are various theories concerning the origin and use of this phrase:
1. The use of "turf" to refer to a gang's territory, from which "turf war" could derive, dates to at least the 1950s.
2. If one owns land it is often grass covered - and if there are fights over the land, it's naturally a turf war.
3. "Turf (out)" in the sense of throwing someone out first shows up in the Oxford Dictionary in the late 19th century - this could have to do with the throwing of someone onto the turf (from a house, train, etc.).
"Turf" is current US hospital slang for transferring a patient or problem to someone else, thus escaping responsibility for him/her/it.
Note: In sports, turf is mainly used in horseracing, to a lesser extent football. Grass is used in tennis, as opposed to Astro turf in baseball.
Today's Learning Tip (7):
Recall some Synonyms
When you learn the new word, recall other English words with similar meanings - having alternative ways of saying something gives you more precision and flexibility in speaking.
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